12 Fast-Food Chains That Use the Lowest Quality Beef — Eat This Not That

Meat quality is something fast-food customers are starting to wise up about, especially when it comes to how those convenient meals are affecting their health.

According to Certified Nutritionist and Celebrity Chef Serena Poon, “meat used in fast-food burgers usually comes from industrial farms, and is laden with antibiotics. You also can’t be sure which cuts of meat you’re consuming.”

When it comes to determining the quality of beef, a good starting point is the annual Chain Reaction scorecard from the U.S. Public Interest Research Groups (PIRG), which assigns letter grades to fast-food chains based on their policies (and actions) on antibiotic use in the beef they serve. Policies on antibiotic use are, quite frankly, all over the place when it comes to these restaurants. Some brands have downright progressive policies, others make promises they never deliver on, while some choose to stay completely silent on the topic.

And while quite a few chains have taken a stand against antibiotic use in their chicken, far fewer are following suit when it comes to beef and pork (for the simple fact that cows and pigs live longer, and are therefore more prone to sickness.)

Why exactly does this matter? The overuse of antibiotics in livestock is a huge factor in the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which according to the World Health Organization (WHO) can lead to serious illness and death. In fact, in a 2013 report conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it was estimated that more than two million Americans get sick every year with antibiotic-resistant infections, with at least 23,000 dying as a result.

Here’s a look at the fast-food chains that have gotten the lowest grades for their policies on antibiotics in beef and pork.

RELATED: 10 Burger Chains With the Best Quality Meat in America

Read the original article on Eat This, Not That!

Courtesy of Arby’s

Arby’s is another popular fast-food joint that has no public antibiotics policy, and if you really want to get into the down and dirty of the chain, check out this deep dive into secrets the chain would rather you not find out. Its beef also gets an ‘F.’ According to Health Digest, Arby’s roast beef is ultra-processed and “consists entirely of beef and a self-basting solution, which contains just enough water to keep the product juicy throughout our restaurants’ 3-hour roasting process and during slicing,” Jim Lowder, a Quality Assurance representative for Arby’s told Snopes.

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buffalo wild wings platter wings fries slaw
Courtesy of Buffalo Wild Wings

Another chain without a policy means another failing grade of ‘F.’ Buffalo Wild Wings is owned by Inspire Brands, the same company that owns Arby’s and Sonic. The company reiterates current FDA guidelines and is not considered to be a meaningful antibiotic use policy.

burger king cheeseburger

Burger King has no antibiotics policy on its beef and scored an ‘F’ on the Chain Reaction VI scorecard. While the burger chain has stayed quiet over the years about whether or not antibiotics are used in the beef, the company’s website claims, “Our beef patties are made with 100% beef with no fillers, no preservatives, no additives, no nonsense.”

RELATED: 4 American Drive-Thrus Falling Out of Favor With Customers

dairy queen stackburger menu
Courtesy of Dairy Queen

Better stick to the Blizzards, because Dairy Queen is among the crowd that limits antibiotic use in chicken, but has no public policy on antibiotic use in beef (or pork). It got an ‘F’ on the Chain Reaction report.

dominos pizza
Domino’s Pizza / Facebook

Domino’s has stated that it intends “to transition to pork and beef sourced from animals raised without the routine use of medically-important antibiotics . . . once a sufficient supply of such pork and beef is available in the U.S. market,” with no indication on when that could be. The largest pizza chain received an ‘F’ in the beef report.


jack in the box burger and fries
Jack in the Box/Facebook

It was announced in 2016 that Jack in the Box would eliminate the use of antibiotics in its chicken by the end of 2020, yet the chain received a resounding ‘F’ on the Chain Reaction scale for its beef.

little caesars pizza

It seems to be getting harder and harder to find a national pizza chain that cares about the quality of meat. Little Caesars also scores an ‘F’ on the Chain Reaction report. It has no published policy.


It has been reported that Panda Express has policies in place for its chicken, but it has no policy on record regarding antibiotics in beef. Another ‘F’! The chain went to Twitter last October to defend one menu item. According to the full report, Panda Express uses chicken raised without antibiotics for “select items.”

pizza hut pizza
Pizza Hut/ Facebook

Pizza Hut plans to only use chicken raised without medically important antibiotics by the end of 2022, but has no policy in place for its beef. The popular pizza chain also received an ‘F’ on the most recent Chain Reaction report.

sonic drive in
Sonic Drive-In/ Facebook

While Sonic announced in early 2017 that it would stop using antibiotics in its chicken, no proof of the implementation of that policy has ever been made public. When it comes to the beef, there is no public antibiotics policy available, which has also scored it an ‘F’.

starbucks sausage egg cheddar
Starbucks/ Facebook

Surprised to see your beloved coffee chain on this list? We get it. You’re not headed to Starbucks for the beef. But the chain does sell products that contain beef and doesn’t have a policy about not using beef raised with antibiotics, which gets it an ‘F’ on the report card.

RELATED: Starbucks Is Making Billions From Your Extra Pump of Syrup

taco bell crunchwrap
Taco Bell / Facebook

Although Taco Bell pledged in 2019 to reduce the use of antibiotics in its beef supply by 25% by 2025, it still hasn’t reported any implementation progress on that pledge. Nonetheless, that pledge still raises it slightly above its failing peers, but its score is still a harrowing ‘D.’

A version of this story was originally published in March 2022. It has been updated to include new information.

Emily L. Foley

Emily L. Foley is a freelance journalist with more than a decade of experience covering fashion, beauty, entertainment and lifestyle, and her work appears in magazines such as Allure, Glamour, Marie Claire, US Weekly and Instyle.com Read more about Emily

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